Responsible pet adoption during the holidays can be summed up very simply: pets are not presents. Many dogs and cats given as gifts end up at animal shelters shortly after the New Year, facing an uncertain future.
A pet is forever
Although lifespan varies by species, breed and other factors, nearly 40% of dogs live more than 10 years and the average indoor cat will live between 12-15 years. The recipient might not be prepared for a gift that requires a long-term commitment. If you’re getting a pet for the family, be sure to first have an open discussion about who will be responsible for various aspects of the animal’s care. That litter box isn’t going to clean itself, nor is the dog going to take itself out for a walk every day.
Pet parenthood changes your lifestyle
In many ways, pets are like children. They’re completely dependent upon you for food, shelter and medical care, and thrive on routine and structure. Giving a dog or cat as a gift demands the person receiving it change the way they live in unalterable and sometimes unpredictable ways, which is why a pet should never, ever be a surprise.
Pets cost money
The average pet will cost between $9,400-$14,000 over a typical lifespan, according to an estimate from the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA). This might be more than your recipient bargained for – or can afford. Giving a gift that will cause financial hardship is neither fair to the recipient nor to the animal dependent upon that person for its care.
Why pets end up in shelters
There are many reasons pets are relinquished to shelters, but chief among them is that their owners are no longer able to afford them. Due to the ongoing weak economy, dogs and cats are being surrendered in record numbers across the country, including many senior pets who have known only one family their entire lives.
It’s heartbreaking when people run out of options to care for their four-legged family members; it’s irresponsible to foist that responsibility upon someone who is unprepared financially for that commitment.
Paradoxically, the epidemic of animals being relinquished due to economic concerns comes at the same time that Americans are forecast to spend nearly $51B on their pets in 2011, almost $2.5B more than they did in 2010.
Just how much is that doggie (or kitty) in the window?
Whether giving or getting, prospective pet owners need to educate themselves about the financial commitment involved in bringing home a dog or cat. While costs will vary by species, breed, size, overall health, region of the country and other factors, the following are average yearly pet care estimates from the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals:
- Small dog: $1,314
- Medium dog: $1,580
- Large dog: $1,843
- Cat: $1,035
These costs include food, medical, training and grooming fees, in addition to toys, licensing and equipment. The figures assume premium brand kibble for dogs, various preventative vaccinations, pet health insurance and microchip implantation. Your costs will vary depending upon where you live, how you choose to care for your pet and the animal’s overall medical condition. And just like for people, pet health care costs are on the rise as newer and more expensive medical treatments are available to keep Fido or Fluffy in tip-top shape.
How to help needy pets during the holidays…and beyond
There are millions of animals sitting in shelters today that need your help. If you’re unable to adopt and have decided that “gifting” a pet isn’t the right thing to do, consider:
- Joining Petfinder’s Foster a Lonely Pet for the holidays program to give a shelter dog or cat a much-needed break from the stress of shelter life.
- Making a donation to your local shelter, rescue, humane society or SPCA; in most cases it is tax deductible.
- Donating in-kind goods; many shelters need used blankets, sheets and towels to make the animals in their charge more comfortable, and often need donated food, toys and medical supplies. Call or check online for your shelter’s “wish list” items.
- Volunteering at your local shelter; you could help walk dogs, maintain kennels, assist in adoption events and even help answer the phones.
- Donating to a pet food bank in your neighborhood. If there isn’t one specifically designated for pets near you, ask your local human food bank if they accept donations for pets – many do.
- Starting a pet food drive, either for a pet food bank in your community or in conjunction with other charity drives that may be taking place through your work, house of worship or other organization.